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Hiroshima marks 72nd A-bomb anniversary with eyes on ban treaty

Hiroshima marked the 72nd anniversary of the U.S. atomic bombing
on Sunday at its annual memorial ceremony, with Mayor Kazumi Matsui
calling on the Japanese government to help realize a treaty banning
nuclear weapons.

This year's ceremony at the Peace Memorial Park near Ground Zero
follows the adoption by 122 United Nations members of the world's
first treaty to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons.

The pact's preamble uses the Japanese term "hibakusha" in its
mention of the "the unacceptable suffering" of survivors of the
Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings that killed an estimated 214,000
people by the end of 1945.

But Japan refused to participate in the treaty, along with the
world's nuclear weapon states and other countries under the U.S.
nuclear umbrella.

In the city's annual Peace Declaration, Matsui stopped short of
demanding that Japan join the treaty, but urged the government to
"manifest the pacifism in our Constitution by doing everything in its
power to bridge the gap between the nuclear weapon and non-nuclear
weapon states, thereby facilitating the ratification."

He said the countries that adopted the treaty "demonstrated
their unequivocal determination to achieve abolition," and that now
is the time for all governments to "strive to advance further toward
a nuclear weapon-free world."

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe avoided any mention of the ban treaty
in his speech at the ceremony.

"For us to truly realize a 'world without nuclear weapons,' the
participation of both nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon
states is necessary," he said.

Having met representatives of seven local hibakusha groups who
protested Japan's lack of participation later Sunday, Abe defended
the decision to stay out of the ban treaty, saying "a realistic
approach" is needed to draw close to a world without nuclear weapons.

"We think (the treaty) must not result in the distance between
the nuclear weapon and non-nuclear weapon states being further
widened and the realization of a world without nuclear weapons
getting further away," Abe told a press conference.

About 50,000 people assembled in the park for the ceremony, at
which 80 nations plus the European Union were represented.

The nuclear states Britain, France, the United States and Russia
sent representatives, as did India, Israel and Pakistan, which are
also known to possess atomic weapons.

U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres called for all states to
work toward a world free of nuclear arms "in their own ways" in a
message read on his behalf by Izumi Nakamitsu, U.N. undersecretary
general and high representative for disarmament affairs.

"Hiroshima's message of peace and the heroic efforts of
hibakushas have reminded the world of the devastating humanitarian
consequences of nuclear weapons...The United Nations stands with you
in our shared pursuit of a world free of nuclear weapons," the
message said.

A moment of silence was observed at 8:15 a.m., when a
uranium-core atomic bomb named "Little Boy" dropped by a U.S. bomber
exploded about 600 meters above Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945, killing an
estimated 140,000 people by the end of that year.

A second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on Aug. 9 and Japan
surrendered six days later, bringing an end to World War II.

The combined number of "hibakusha," people who survived either
bombing, stood at 164,621 as of March, down 5,530 from the year
prior. Their average age was 81.41.

Matsui demanded in his speech that the government give more
assistance to the aging hibakusha and to "the many others also
suffering mentally and physically from the effects of radiation."

According to city officials, "the many others" include people
affected by the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant
disaster triggered by a devastating earthquake and tsunami.

This year's anniversary is the first to follow the election of
U.S. President Donald Trump, whose predecessor Barack Obama last year
became the first sitting U.S. president to visit Hiroshima.

Trump had suggested before his election that Japan and South
Korea might acquire nuclear weapons in the future, and U.S. Secretary
of State Rex Tillerson refused to rule this out in an interview with
U.S. media in March, according to U.S. media reports.

Braving high temperatures from the early morning, young and old
visited the park ahead of the ceremony to remember those who died in
the bombing and to wish for peace.

Hiroshima native Masaharu Masuda, 70, offered a prayer as he
does every year in memory of his parents, who both experienced the
bombing. The midsummer heat reminded him of how his older sister wore
long sleeves growing up to hide keloid scars on her arms.

Masuda said he is disappointed by the Japanese government's
"half-hearted" response to the ban treaty, and worries that the world
is losing interest in Hiroshima's message.

"People used to say with feeling, 'No More Hiroshimas,' but I
hear it less and less these days," he said.

Naomi Miyamoto, 56, came from Tokyo to place flowers at the
memorial and renew his commitment to peace and nuclear abolition.

"I don't have confidence that the way Japan and other countries
deal with each other will change any time soon, but one thing
individual people can do is educate themselves about what happened
here in Hiroshima," he said. (Aug. 6)

People pray in front of the Cenotaph for the A-bomb victims at the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima, western Japan, on Aug. 6, 2017, as the city marks the 72nd anniversary of the U.S. atomic bombing. (Kyodo)